Shishito Peppers are a quite popular heirloom plant native to Japan. It will be a perfect addition to your indoor garden. When you are growing Shishito Peppers at home, you will be able to add them to your food and experience the unique smokey taste that you get along with a bit of citrus. Growing Shishito Peppers at home is not something challenging. Continue to read this guide and we will share all the steps that you need to be aware of.
What exactly are Shishito Peppers?
Before taking a look at the steps on how to grow Shishito Peppers, you should be aware of what they are. You can call Shishito Peppers a healthy and delicious appetizer. This is the main reason why they are quite popular among foodies and vegetable gardeners around the world. These peppers come with thin, green-colored skin. They are not very spicy.
Buying the seeds and planting them
In order to grow Shishito Peppers, you should buy the seeds. It is possible for you to buy Shishito Pepper seeds online. You will need to maintain a warm and moist environment to facilitate the healthy germination of the seeds. This is why we encourage you to plant the seeds in a warmer area of the house. Or else, it is possible for you to think about purchasing a heat mat. If you are not going to plant the seeds immediately after purchase, you should store them in a dry and dark place.
There are gardeners who prefer to pre-soak the Shishito Peppers seeds. You can do this in order to enhance the overall germination rate. In other words, soaking Shishito Pepper seeds will make them wake up. You will be able to see the sprouts after a couple of weeks from planting the seeds. That’s where you can reduce moisture. Otherwise, you will be allowing the fungus to grow on the soil and kill your seeds. Hence, you should make sure that the soil becomes completely dry before you water them again.
While the sprouts are growing, you should provide enough light. That’s because Shishito Peppers thrive to grow when they get exposed to sunlight. You should be providing natural or artificial light for around six hours a day as you grow Shishito Pepper seeds.
Taking care of sprouts
You can see a pair of seed leaves in the sprouts that are growing. Along with time, you will be able to see additional pairs of leaves growing. This is where you need to think about putting them in a pot that has around 4 inches of width. Then you can make sure that your plants have enough space to ensure their growth.
It will be possible for you to see true leaves after a period of around three months. This is where you should be mindful about providing your plants with all nutrients that they need. Topping is one of the things that you can consider here. As you go ahead with topping, you will be removing the growth tip of the plant by cutting off its top. Then you will be encouraging additional growth of the plant from behind.
After you complete the topping, you will be able to see how the plant is growing in a Y shape. That’s where the plant will sprout additional branches near the top. This will eventually help you to get a bushier plant, along with an increased yield. It will take around 5 months for you to harvest the yield out of your Shishito Peppers.
How to transplant Shishito Peppers?
You can think about transplanting your Shishito Peppers to an outside garden as well. However, you need to do this only if the plants are hardened. To prepare the plants to thrive in the new environment, you may think about keeping them outside in the sun for a couple of hours daily.
Before you plant Shishito Peppers in an outdoor garden, you need to double-check and make sure that the soil has excellent draining properties. Moreover, you should ensure that all plants receive at least six hours of sunlight per day. There should be a space of around two feet in between the Shishito Pepper plants to support their healthy growth.
If you don’t have an outdoor garden, you shouldn’t worry about anything as you can plant them within a container garden. You need to provide enough sunlight and ensure that you use properly draining soil to facilitate healthy growth.
How to take care of Shishito Pepper plants?
You need to provide lots of sunlight to ensure the healthy growth of Shishito Pepper plants. In fact, you need to keep them in a place where you can provide at least 6 hours of light. It can either be sunlight or natural light. Likewise, you should also maintain proper temperature. The ideal temperature for Shishito Peppers should be from 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Make sure that you don’t overwater your Shishito Pepper plants. It is a good idea to water the plants once every four to five days. Then you can make sure that the soil is dry in between successive waterings.
Once you see leaves growing on the plants, you can add fertilizer to cater to the nutrient intake. You may think about adding fertilizer to the plants every month. These plants would require nitrogen to ensure the growth of foliage and to bloom flowers.
How to harvest Shishito Peppers?
After a period of around five months, you may proceed with harvesting Shishito Peppers. You should be careful to harvest the plants while they are still green. The average length would be between three to five inches. In case the peppers are too spicy, you may think about harvesting them while they are small. Then you can reduce the heat.
Now you are aware of the process of growing Shishito Peppers. Since you don’t have to spend a lot of time and effort, you may think about growing them without having a second thought in mind. Then you can get some great appetizers to enjoy your meals.